Water is life! If man does not protect its sources, then in some years to come human population will suffer enormous dangers because of shortage/lack of water. It is for this reason that the ERuDeF Institute of Biodiversity and Non-Profit Studies has since 2015 been engaged in conserving watersheds within the Buea Municipality. The first effort towards saving water sources within Buea was the planting of some 40 trees around the Mile 18 water catchment in 2015, in collaboration with the Southwest Regional Delegation of Environment, Protection of Nature and Sustainable Development (MINEPDED) and the traditional ruler of Mile 18.
In its incessant drive to save this watershed, which is the principal source of drinking water to some four communities within the Buea Municipality, ERuDeF Institute in collaboration with the Mile 18 community, July 9, 2016, again planted over 450 trees around the Mile 18 water catchment. The trees planted, included agroforestry species like luceana known for its water restoration and purification ability. This action according to the Director of ERuDeF Institute, Akeh Nug, was to ensure adequate and regular water supply to the Malingo, Bomaka, and the Wonia Mavio communities in Buea.
Besides the physical action on the ground, the Institute has in consonance with one of its objectives to conserve Cameroon’s biodiversity as well as impact local communities across the country, reiterated through its lectures, the urgent need to save water sources in Cameroon.
This teaching has prompted students from the Institute to venture into researching on water related issues, producing results that if adopted, will go a long way to save the Buea Municipality from continuous water problem.
One of such students is Ntui Ebob Ojong Michelin. After following up teachings on the increasing urbanization in Buea and the constant water crisis this has brought, this lady decided to focus her Masters thesis on the Assessment of Water Quality of Some Catchments in Buea, South-West Region, Cameroon. At the end of this research, she made some startling discoveries that needed immediate intervention from the Buea Council. “I discovered that farming around water catchments, houses, animal dung and agricultural activities have effected the water making it microbially unfit for drinking. Houses located around this area have their safety tank around the catchment, which contaminates it” Ms Ntui explained.
With the little effort the ERuDeF Institute has made so far, the Management of the institution is therefore imploring the Buea Council to carry out water quality assessment and develop policies that protect water catchments within the municipality.